All you need to know about SCOTCH WHISKY: https://gentl.mn/all-about-scotch
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The first mention of scotch can be dated back to June first, 1495 to the Exchequer Rolls of Scotland. Thereafter, whisky begins to circulate throughout the country and by 1644 it was now. Of course, there are some smart distillers who sold it illegally and it became only more popular after that. By 1780, there were only eight legal distilleries in Scotland who had to compete against bootlegging operations. The popularity of whisky swelled again in 1831 when a column still took off. Now distilleries were able to mass produce this spirit at a much lower cost with a better quality, however, it was until 1880 that Scotch would become a global phenomenon. Up until then, wine and brandy had the top spots of drinks in the world. Interestingly, a very small microscopic insect killed a lot of the grapes and so there was a huge demand for a new beverage. The phylloxera bug brought the wine and brandy production almost to an immediate halt and scotch would pick up where they left off. Today, scotch is enjoyed by many gentlemen around the world.
Unfortunately, the terms are often mixed up and so we’ll try to provide some clarity. Probably the most popular scotch term is single malt. That means, it is a whisky from a single Scottish distillery that is based on barley and water. It contains no other cereals, must be distilled and bottled in Scotland. Next up is a category of single grain Scotch whisky which usually you can’t find easily on liquor store shelves in the US. Just like the single malt, the single grain whisky starts out with barley and water but then other things are added to the mash which would start the fermentation and eventually end up in alcohol. Just like a single malt, it has to be bottled in Scotland to be named scotch. So single grain Scotch whisky is what you find for the most part in blended whiskeys out there.
So what does the term blended Scotch mean? Basically, you need at least one single malt scotch that is then paired with at least one single grain Scotch. You may have come across the term blended malt scotch which is rather uncommon and previously was also referred to as “vatted malt” or a “pure malt”. If you get a blended malt Scotch you take at least two single malt scotches from different distilleries and blend them together. So blended grain Scotch is very similar it just means that you have at least two or more single grain Scotch instead of them blended together.
So what needs to be in a Scotch in order to be able to call it
Again, it must be produced, bottled, and distilled in Scotland. Must be based on barley and water and must be aged in casks. Yes whole grains and other cereal can be added to the malted barley mash in order to produce different flavor varieties. It also has to be processed entirely at a distillery, it has to be fermented with enzymes and yeast, and the alcoholic strength can’t be more than 94.8% or 190 proof. That is matured in a warehouse in Scotland and it can’t be larger than 700 litres that’s about 185 US gallons. In order to call it scotch, it has to stay there for at least three full years. If you call it scotch you must retain color aroma and flavor of the raw ingredients. It must not contain any other substances other than water to wear it down to bring to a certain proof level and e-150a which is caramel coloring. Last but not the least, you can’t water it down too much and must retain at least 40 percent or 80 proof for it to be called scotch.
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